Mysterious huge iron planet 10 times mass of Earth ‘was created in cosmic collision’ – Yahoo News

high-speed collision with another planet stripped off its outer layer, or mantle – leaving a rocky, iron core.’ data-reactid=”23″>The researchers believe that a high-speed collision with another planet stripped off its outer layer, or mantle – leaving a rocky, iron core.

The new discovery was made by astronomers in the Canary Islands observing a star system with four planets more than 1,600 light years away.

One of the planets, called Kepler-107c, had an unusually high mass in relation to its size.

refuse to vaccinate their children in the wrong belief that vaccines are linked to autism are helping to drive a resurgence in the deadly disease around the world.’ data-reactid=”22″>Parents who refuse to vaccinate their children in the wrong belief that vaccines are linked to autism are helping to drive a resurgence in the deadly disease around the world.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) says that cases of the preventable disease have spiked by 30% worldwide, with measles cases rising in every region.

MORE: Teens and children had 45,000 operations to remove teeth last year
MORE: Theresa May’s Brexit plan is a deal ‘in name only’, says latest minister to quit‘ data-reactid=”26″>MORE: Teens and children had 45,000 operations to remove teeth last year
MORE: Theresa May’s Brexit plan is a deal ‘in name only’, says latest minister to quit

In Europe, the main factor leading to the rise in measles cases is parents refusing to vaccinate children – leading to vaccination levels as low as 70% in some areas.

In the first six months of 2018, 41,000 people were infected in Europe, with 37 people dying from the easily preventable disease.

Before the measles vaccine was invented, 2.6 million people died every year from measles.

‘The increase in measles cases is deeply concerning, but not surprising,’ said Dr Seth Berkley, CEO of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.

‘Complacency about the disease and the spread of falsehoods about the vaccine in Europe, a collapsing health system in Venezuela and pockets of fragility and low immunization coverage in Africa are combining to bring about a global resurgence of measles after years of progress.

‘Existing strategies need to change: more effort needs to go into increasing routine immunization coverage and strengthening health systems. Otherwise we will continue chasing one outbreak after another.’

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Girl Scouts Sue Boy Scouts for Trademark Infringement as It Begins to Accept Girls

The Girl Scouts of the USA has sued the Boy Scouts of America for trademark infringement. The dispute, filed Nov. 6 in federal court in New York, centers on the use of the word “scout” without a gender modifier.

The suit argues that despite the long co-existence of the two organizations using the same term for its members and group, the Boy Scouts don’t have the right to use that word by itself when marketing itself to girls.

The suit alleges that confusion among names will “marginalize the Girl Scouts Movement by causing the public to believe that GSUSA’s extraordinarily successful services are not true or official ‘Scouting’ programs, but niche services with limited utility and appeal.”

The Boy Scouts group said in May 2018 that it would change its name for its program for 11 to 17 year olds from Boy Scouts to Scouts BSA when it announced that it would accept girls immediately into its younger Cub Scouts program.

The lawsuit refers to that change, and says that these changes dramatically alter the long-standing relationship of the two groups. The suit mentions a video posted in July that features girls and uses the slogan “Scout Me In.” It also cites and includes several examples of local Boy Scouts chapters using the term “Girl Scouts” by itself and in connection with Boy Scouts.

While it’s impossible to register a trademark in a generic word used in isolation, like scout, trademark law provides protection in narrowly defined areas to provide distinction among competing products—or scouting organizations.

The Boy Scouts of America said in a statement to Fortune that it is reviewing the lawsuit. The statement noted, “We applaud every organization that builds character and leadership in children, including the Girl Scouts of the USA, and believe that there is an opportunity for both organizations to serve girls and boys in our communities.”

The group noted that it has already registered 62,000 girls in the Cub Scouts, which covers ages 7 to 10. It also has 170,000 girls in three other programs it’s run since 1971, including Sea Scouts.

The Girl Scouts of the USA told Fortune that it doesn’t comment on pending litigation. However, the organization added, “The action Girl Scouts took today are in keeping with standard practice in any field, and we did what any brand, company, corporation, or organization would do to protect its intellectual property, the value of its brand in the marketplace, and to defend its good name.”

Cub scouts are organized into small dens and larger packs. The dens must be single gender, but packs can opt to comprise only a single gender or mixed-gender dens. The Boy Scouts said in May that it would expand inclusion of girls in February 2019 to “Scouts BSA,” covering ages 11 to 17, allowing girls to reach the Eagle Scout rank.

The Boy Scouts has seen a plunge in membership, dropped from 2.8 million kids as recently as 2012 to 2.3 million by 2016. That came in part because of reactions from religious and conservative parents and children to the Boy Scouts increasing acceptance of broader sexual identity and orientation, reversing bans on gay troop leaders, and gay and transgender kids.

A move by the Mormon Church to shift its official support away from the Boy Scouts will lead to a further decline. Nearly 200,000 Mormon-affiliated scouts have already left the Boy Scouts, and another 250,000 will move to a new program run by the church by 2020.

The Girl Scouts are also seeing significant declines in membership, off from a peak in youth membership of 2.9 million in 2003 to 1.8 million today.

Apple Highlights Mac Mini Use in Live Concerts, Theater, and Data Centers

With the
Mac mini getting a long-awaited update today, Apple took the opportunity to highlight the use of the tiny computer in a number of unique areas where full-size machines might not quite fit — literally.

In The Secret World of Mac mini, Apple takes a look at country star Dierks Bentley’s live show, the touring production of the Finding Neverland musical, and the Mac mini-focused datacenter provider MacStadium.

When Dierks Bentley performs live, Mac minis travel with the show to monitor the band’s 18 wireless guitar rigs. According to the piece, Dierks’ sound engineer uses a Mac mini to power his equipment — well, actually it appears to be a Mac Pro in the picture, weirdly. Not sure what’s going on there, but there is a Mac mini with a banana sticker on it:

“If Dierks is out in the crowd and this setup alerts me that his guitar’s wireless strength is going down, I can adjust it and avoid an issue,” says Gutierrez. “And I’ve always run this setup on Mac mini — I’ve been using the same Mac mini for five years, and I’ve never had a problem.”

Finding Neverland performance uses a
Mac mini
running software to produce sound that can’t be sung or played live, including electronic music and sound effects.

Finding Neverland is the true story of how author J.M. Barrie conceived the fantastic world of Peter Pan. The production takes the audience on a journey that floats between the author’s real life and the make-believe world of his imagination. And bringing that imagination to life requires a lot of sound effects — from ticking clocks and thunder claps, to cannon booms and the sound of Tinkerbell’s…well, Tinkerbelling. All those effects are possible because of Mac mini, triggered throughout the show by the conductor.

Finally there’s the Mac-only datacenter MacStadium, which manages thousands of Mac minis across several data centers for its clients. The firm manages almost 8,000 minis, for a wide range of developers who want Macs for development work and more.

“Candy Crush, Shopify, Day One — so many of your favorite apps and games run on Mac mini. It’s truly the Swiss Army knife of computers,” says Brian Stucki of MacStadium.

The new
Mac mini is available for preorder today, shipping on November 7. It starts at $799, but fully loaded, it prices out to a decidedly not-mini $4,199.

The politics behind choosing a Mars 2020 landing site

Although Columbia Hills scored poorly at the previous landing site workshop, NASA’s sample return steering committee thought the potential of finding biosignatures there merited its inclusion in the final process. “We are told over and over again, the vote is not binding,” said Steve Ruff, a professor at Arizona State University. “It’s simply input into the process.”

Ruff was on that steering committee, and he started the conversation about Columbia Hills that got it included in the final set of landing sites. He was seen sporting an “I (heart) Columbia Hills” button throughout the week.

The region used to be referred to as Gusev Crater – and the crater’s name hasn’t changed. But Ruff says changing the landing site’s name to Columbia Hills was a strategic rebrand. Since Spirit already traversed Gusev Crater, scientists thought spending an estimated $2 billion to return — when so much of the planet is still unexplored — might not sit well with a public hungry for new discovery. So last year, the site’s most ardent supporters — Ruff included — decided to call the Gusev landing site by another name — Columbia Hills, for the nearby mountains.

The new name hasn’t entirely caught on, though, with most at the meeting still using the two terms interchangeably. Many of those present believed this renaming to be politically motivated — a ploy to curry favor for one’s preferred site. For a scientist who has built their career studying a particular spot, the desire to gather more data and delve further into the mysteries of that site is strong.

Despite the skepticism from many at the meeting, Ruff remains optimistic about the site’s chances in the final selection, and thought his team’s presentations had swayed some undecided voters. “We came in with a solid scientific case,” he said.

Ray Arvidsen, a professor of planetary geology at Washington University in St. Louis, was one of the deputy principal investigators on the Spirit mission, but is hesitant to return. “Gusev seems to be incremental progress,” said Arvidsen. “The broader issue of learning more about Mars is best served by another site.”

Intense discussion

To the outsider, the whole workshop may have seemed antagonistic at times, but the participants didn’t see it that way. “The intense-seeming discussion comes from a place of excitement,” said Tim Goudge, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Texas-Austin. “It’s a sign of a healthy scientific community.”

All of the scientists interviewed for this story agreed that the process — regardless of outcome — was important. After two and a half days of arguments, workshop attendees cast their votes. The highest-ranked option was a hybrid mission that will traverse the 28 kilometers between Jezero and Midway and collect samples in both places. While Spirit only traveled 7.73 km, Opportunity made it over 45 km before NASA lost contact earlier this year. While both of those rovers were solar-powered, Mars 2020, like Curiosity, will be carrying its own fuel in the form of radioactive plutonium, elongating its potential lifetime.

The recommendations of the community and the scientific committee will go up the chain to NASA, which is expected to make a final announcement on the landing site by the end of the year. The new mission couldn’t come at a better time for Mars scientists, with Opportunity incommunicado since planetwide dust storms struck Mars in June. Curiosity is still going strong, but is already more than 1,500 days beyond its 668-day lifespan.

“It’s a huge service to the community to hold these workshops,” said Goudge. “But I’m not jealous of the ones making that decision.”

By the time the rover lands on Mars in February 2021, all differences will be cast aside and the community will rally around the selected site. “Almost everyone here believes all of them are great,” said J.R. Skok, a research scientist at the SETI Institute. “Wherever NASA picks, everyone will fall in line because they want to be a part of it.”

Six-year-old raises more than $23K in four days for diabetes service dog

SAND LAKE, Mich. – The six-year-old boy selling pumpkins to pay for a diabetic alert dog raised more than $20,000 in four days after his story went viral.

Ian Unger, a kindergartner from Sand Lake with Type 1 Diabetes, started his roadside pumpkin stand in late September. The family is fundraising for a dog to supervise Ian’s blood sugar on bus rides to and from school.

“A service dog for a diabetic alerts the person to their blood sugars about 45 minutes before your blood sugar will show up on the meter,” said Katrina Christensen, Ian’s mother. “We want him to be a normal kid. With the dog, he will have a better chance of that.”

Christensen said a diabetic alert dog could cost $25,000.

Word of Ian’s pumpkins circulated around West Michigan over the weekend on Facebook. Customers came to his home in droves, buying more than 150 pumpkins Friday and Saturday.

Since the story was first publicized, Ian and his pumpkins went viral. More than 650 people donated to the Facebook fundraiser, raising over $23,000.

“I was in tears all day with all these people coming and just the love they are showing to him is amazing,” Christensen said Saturday. “No matter what, everybody has something that is wrong or bad. It’s just what you make of it. And he has that in his heart.”

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‘A Star Is Born’: Along With Bradley Cooper and Lady Gaga, Sam Elliott Leads the Film’s Other Big Love Story

Cooper’s remake of the classic Hollywood tale is built on a romance, but veteran star Elliott tells IndieWire about crafting an essential brotherly bond.

The mythologizing of Bradley Cooper’s “A Star Is Born” started early: first-time filmmaker Cooper wiping co-star Lady Gaga’s face free of makeup the first time they met to better “see” her, the four-year break Cooper took from other projects to launch his directorial debut, the curious parallels between Cooper’s Jackson Maine and the actor’s own personal life. And then there was the voice thing. Cooper infamously spent months transforming his own speaking and singing voice into one that sounds a whole heck of a lot like the trademark gravelly drawl of actor Sam Elliott.

Cooper wasn’t just trying to sound cool; he was also crafting his character’s entire backstory on his long-held desire to sound like his own brother, Bobby Maine. When it came time to cast said brother, no one else would do. It had to be Elliott. In hopes of snagging the lanky actor for the part, Cooper did something a little strange: He re-recorded an entire interview Elliott did years earlier, using his Cooper-as-Elliott, Jackson-as-Bobby voice. Then, he invited Elliott to give it a listen. The five-decade Hollywood veteran loved it.

“He’d made this commitment, like it seemed to me like he’d been doing this for four months with this voice coach,” Elliott said. “I thought, ‘Wow. What if I’m not available?’ Or what if, I don’t know, what if I don’t want to do the movie? Not that that was ever gonna be a thought in my mind. But I thought, ‘Wow, that was an amazing, ballsy kind of commitment he made.’ He not only made the decision to do it, he achieved what he set out to do, which I think is just typical Bradley Cooper. I don’t think there’s anything this guy can’t do.”

That’s high praise from Elliott, who has worked in Hollywood long enough to see pretty much everything. Over the past five decades, the two-time Golden Globe nominee has worked steadily in both film and television, able to earn accolades for projects as diverse as “Tombstone,” “The Big Lebowski,” and “Grace and Frankie.” He knows what’s going to work. From the start, “A Star Is Born” worked.

“You’re always looking, number one, to do good work,” he said. “And I suspected it with Gaga and Bradley, this obviously wasn’t gonna be some run-of-the-mill remake. There was never a question whether I wanted to do it, I didn’t talk myself into doing this, or have somebody else talk me into it. … I always recall the adage that someone came up with eons ago, that ‘if it ain’t on the page, it ain’t on the stage.’ I’m a pure believer in that. That doesn’t mean that you start out with a brilliant script and it can’t all go to shit.”

Cooper’s insistence on casting Elliott as Bobby Maine, one of the few steady presences in Jackson’s lonely rock-star life, is one of the best choices in a film laced with them. While Cooper’s “A Star Is Born,” the third remake of the classic 1937 classic, remains rooted in the romance between superstar Jackson and struggling singer Ally (a radiant Lady Gaga) who steals his heart as she rises to her own acclaim, Cooper’s version is also compelled by the fraught bond between Jackson and Bobby.

“A Star Is Born”

Warner Bros.

“You get backstory out of Bradley’s character [with Bobby]. There’s not a lot of backstory here. I mean, his entire career has gone by before the movie starts,” Elliott said. “It was important that he created this character who was not only the manager, but he decided to make him his brother, and brought that relationship [to the screen]. It’s like a love story of sorts. And with Bobby, it’s kind of a love-hate relationship that they’re talking about. … It’s hard to imagine now, maybe ’cause I’m playing the part, but it’s hard to imagine the story being as full as it is without Bobby. If you took Bobby out of the scheme of it, then it’d seem like there might be a missing piece.”

Early in the film, Jackson talks openly about his and Bobby’s long-deceased father, a towering figure seemingly ripped out of some old Western. That’s the guy Jackson appears to style himself on, his biggest influence, his number-one hero, but as “A Star Is Born” winds on and Jackson’s internal turmoil is laid bare, the truth emerges. It was never their dad, it was always Bobby. Suddenly, the voice stuff makes sense, both to the audience and to an emotional Bobby.

That’s not to say that such revelations are easy for either man, and when Jackson finally confesses his adoration for his big brother, it’s during a claustrophobic fight inside Bobby’s truck. It doesn’t end on a happy note, and as Bobby jerks into reverse and peels out, the camera catches him in the early throes of crying. It’s a small scene, but it encapsulates so much about both Bobby and Elliott’s understated skill in bringing him to life.

“It was only one shot. We did it one time,” Elliott said. “And Bradley said, ‘We got it.’ He shoots the rehearsals. He doesn’t rehearse. … He just knew when he had it. When he got it, you know you got it. Some people shoot a backup for some insecure reason. … It’s insane that he’s his first time directing, you’d think he’d had an entire career doing it.”

The pair is never seen together on-screen again, but the film offers Elliott one last chance to bring Bobby and Jackson’s relationship to life, thanks to a heartbreaking scene between Elliott and Gaga.

“It kind of all led to the last scene with Gaga,” he said. “Initially, in the script that was to be her dad, that was to be [Andrew] Dice [Clay], and it seemed like the right thing, the dad would come to commiserate with the daughter. I’d wrapped on the film, and I got a I got a text from Bradley, ‘I got a great idea. What if…’ And I just texted him back, I said, ‘Fuck. Just let me know when you want me there.’”

It’s a big change, but it’s one that works. Elliott credits Cooper with always being willing to do the right thing for his film, for his characters, even if it wasn’t in the script.

“It was always open for changes, all the way through,” Elliott said. “You get it all down, get the script down, but when you get there, throw it out. And just get to the heart of it, and that’s really the truth of it. It’s not so much every word. It’s what’s at the heart of the matter that really matters. And that’s why he changed that scene, that’s why he decided it should have been Bobby. And it’s so right. They had this relationship, and it was a terrible relationship. They loved each other clearly, but it was a terrible relationship. Never resolved. Unrequited.”

He added, “That was one of the nicest things that anybody’s every done for me, to bring me back to do that.”

Even months after wrapping the film, Elliott is intent on living in this particular moment, the afterglow of an experience that even a Hollywood veteran like him can’t quite shake.

“It’s coming to a close, for this leg of it anyways. I don’t know how long it’s gonna go on,” Elliott said. “I don’t wanna chase this thing. I’m not interested in the buzz and all that bullshit that people are talking about. I want to savor what’s going on. I could weep at any of it, if I talked about any of it long enough. I’m just really, just loving it.”

“A Star Is Born” is in theaters today.

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