ISRO successfully carries out second Lunar bound orbit manoeuvre for Chadrayaan-2 – All India Radio

ISRO successfully carries out second Lunar bound orbit manoeuvre for Chadrayaan-2

@isro

The Indian Space Research Organisation has successfully carried out the second Lunar bound orbit manoeuvre today at 1250 hrs as planned. Chandrayaan 2 had entered lunar orbit yesterday morning subsequent to which ISRO is now moving it gradually near the moon, using onboard propulsion system of the spacecraft.

At present, the satellite is positioned in 118 km by 4412 km orbit around the moon. ISRO will carry out three more Lunar bound orbit manoeuvres on August 28, 30 and September 1st and the lander and Rover of Chandrayaan 2 will touch down on the Moon surface on September 7. 

Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba named next cabinet secretary – Hindustan Times

Union Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba was on Wednesday appointed as the next Cabinet Secretary for a tenure of two years.

Gauba, a 1982-batch IAS officer of the Jharkhand cadre, will initially join as the Officer on Special Duty in the Cabinet Secretariat, before he takes over the charge of the country’s top bureaucratic from the incumbent P K Sinha.

“The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved the appointment of Rajiv Gauba, IAS (JH:1982) as Cabinet Secretary with a tenure of two years from 30.08.2019 or until further orders, whichever is earlier.

“The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has also approved the appointment of Rajiv Gauba as Officer on Special Duty in the Cabinet Secretariat from the date of his assumption of charge till he takes over as Cabinet Secretary,” according to an official order.

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)

First Published:
Aug 21, 2019 20:59 IST

Malaria No More India announces flagship campaign – BSI bureau

The workshop was inaugurated by Dr. Neeraj Dhingra, Director, National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP)

On World Mosquito Day, Malaria No More India, launched its flagship campaign India Against Mosquito in New Delhi to create a mass movement for collective action to build mass awareness and promote innovative solutions for controlling the mosquito – the common enemy for many diseases.

World Mosquito Day is celebrated every year on 20th August in the commemoration of Sir Ronald Ross’ discovery of malaria transmission by mosquitoes. Despite the progress being made by the country, India continues to struggle in its battle against the mosquito. An expert consultative workshop was held in the capital to discuss technical and communication challenges faced by the country.

The workshop was inaugurated by Dr. Neeraj Dhingra, Director, National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), in the presence of other experts from the scientific and media backgrounds.

Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Dhingra stressed on the commitment to curb vector-borne diseases, “Improving health outcomes is a shared responsibility of all the stakeholders. Malaria No More India’s efforts to raise awareness and promote community action against the mosquito is truly commendable. Increased awareness and practical approaches to manage the vector can go a long way in setting the country up for elimination from mosquito-borne diseases.”

Malaria No More India Country Director, Dr. Sanjeev Gaikwad stated, “We want to make #IndiaAgainstMosquito campaign a mass movement. New and traditional media along with celebrities will play a major role making it a truly national movement. We will need high-level political commitment, media and society to participate in this campaign together, to be able to win the war with mosquitoes.”

Vaping Damages Blood Vessels After Just One Use, New Study Says – EcoWatch

Keeping up the Fight

Some say they’ve noticed a drop-off in numbers. “It’s harder for students to miss out on school nowadays,” Berlin student Martha Stert, who attended more than 20 weekly Fridays for Future protests in 2018, told DW.

The 18-year-old — whose summer break finished at the beginning of August — says teachers have become stricter about missing class as the weekly protests have continued; and that the movement’s reputation has also been negatively affected by some students who use the strikes as an excuse to miss school.

But while Stert says she herself is struggling to attend protests as final year exams loom, she believes that younger students are just as enthusiastic and will keep up the momentum. “Protesting at school time” is an essential strategy, she said, as it’s the only thing adults “are going to take notice of.”

Orli Mastrocola-Simon, an 18-year-old final year high school student who has attended climate strike protests in Hobart in the southern Australian state of Tasmania, agrees. “A lot of people are definitely still involved, they are very enthusiastic and passionate,” she told DW as she also readies for exams.

While Mastrocola-Simon believes the movement also drew supporters because it was somewhat fashionable, many of her friends have since become committed activists who are traveling interstate to attend protests against the Adani coal mine, for instance.

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A Generational Issue

Moritz Sommer from the Institut für Soziologie, Freie Universität Berlin, and co-author of a working paper on the emergence of the Fridays For Future protest movement in Germany says part of the success of the movement is the fact that “Fridays For Future manages the climate issue as a generational issue.”

“These young people feel attached to each other, they feel that their future is in danger,” he told DW, adding that the movement grew up less through social media platforms than in the classroom.

Sommer’s Fridays For Future paper that was released this week includes evidence that most participants found out about the protests through word of mouth, not Twitter or Facebook.

And while some political groups have supported and tried to influence the movement that has been credited with helping Green parties get their highest vote at the European elections in May, Sommer said the strikes are managed through school councils, not political parties. In this way, they have been able to appeal to a broad church by being politically non-partisan.

“A year ago, would anyone have believed that there would be a movement like this,” a German Fridays For Future activist who is simply known as Simon, told DW.

Even in week 52 of the protests on August 16, when much of the northern hemisphere was still in a summer slumber, there were at least 1000 strikes in 99 countries — including in Berlin, where hundreds turned out barely a week after school returned.

Pressuring Politicians

In Ottawa, Canada, a small group of four weekly protesters have grown to up to 20 outside Parliament Hill in the capital.

“It’s difficult to ask youth who have never taken part in any form of civil disobedience to stand up and fight against world governments they’ve seen as allies,” Mia Beijer, who co-founded Future Rising Ottawa this January at the age of 15, told DW.

“But with the knowledge and information so easy to obtain, more and more youth are standing up and taking part in the youth climate movement, and we are becoming more and more connected.”

Like in Australia, where students have actively targeted the prime minister, Scott Morrison, who last year said that “kids should go to school” — and who famously carried a piece of coal into parliament to extol the virtues of the fossil fuel —Canadian protesters are pressuring their political leaders to create change.

While the incumbent Liberal party under Justin Trudeau has, according to Beijer, “purchased old, leaky pipelines and given subsidies to several fossil fuel companies and corporations,” she is concerned that “even the Green Party is showing signs of weakness when it comes to the environment and making meaningful changes for our future.”

“We haven’t seen enough dramatic change, from any world government, to steer us away from the climate apocalypse we are all heading towards,” Beijer said. “So we will continue to strike, march and protest until we are no longer terrified to dream about what is to come in our futures.”

Mass Mobilization

Simon from Fridays For Future in Germany says the strategy is working. “I believe the movement is helping put the climate crisis high on the political agenda,” he told DW, noting that since the protests began, a “climate emergency” has been declared in countries such as Great Britain, France and Canada, as well as in various cities across the world.

“Mobilization continues,” said the authors of a July report titled Protest for a Future. “This wave of climate protest mobilization is unique in its tactics, global scope and appeal to teenage school students,” the report’s editors Mattias Wahlström, Piotr Kocyba, Michiel De Vydt and Joost de Moor added, pointing to a long future ahead for the movement.

This longevity will be further assured as the movement broadens, says Sommer, adding that the “Global Week for Future” climate strikes planned from September 20 will symbolize the next phase of an “astonishing” protest movement. In Germany, major trade unions, for example, will join the school strikers in one of their biggest mobilizations.

“We hope adults from all walks of life will join the young all over the world,” said Simon of the upcoming intergenerational climate protests organized by Fridays For Future.

‘No one is too small’ 

But above all, the movement will stay true to Thunberg’s motto that “no one is too small to make a difference” — also the title of her best-selling book.

Typical is 14-year-old Mary Ellis Stevens of Charlotte, North Carolina, who has maintained a weekly school strike for climate outside Charlotte Mecklenburg Government Center for 19 weeks — often on her own.

“I am no longer accepting the things I cannot change. I am changing the things I cannot accept,” reads her Twitter bio.

Reposted with permission from our media associate DW.

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Le’Veon Bell on Antonio Brown’s helmet issue: It’s a rule – NBCSports.com

Getty Images

They once were teammates. Now, they’re on different teams.

Le’Veon Bell sat out last season in a contract dispute with the Steelers and walked in free agency. Pittsburgh traded Antonio Brown after the receiver became a major distraction.

The two haven’t spoken recently, according to Bell, but Bell has watched Brown’s issues in Oakland from afar. The Jets running back weighed in on Brown’s fight with the NFL over his helmet.

“As a skill player, it’s kind of hard to change your helmet, especially when you’ve been playing so long with it,” Bell told Bob Glauber of Newsday. “I understand where he’s coming from, but at the same time, it’s a rule, so you have to change the helmet.

“I changed my helmet my second year [with the Steelers], and I’ve been playing with a certain helmet my whole career It was hard to do, but I knew this was coming eventually, so I might as well change my helmet now.”

Brown is practicing with a new helmet, but he isn’t happy.

He wants to wear a Schutt AiR Advantage helmet made in the last 10 years and certified by the National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment.

The league said a newer helmet that met those standards failed in testing.

Brown has filed another grievance.

He also has drawn the ire of Raiders General Manager Mike Mayock for leaving camp over his helmet.

Bell had an opinion on that, too, telling Glauber, “Him fighting for it, him not showing up for practice, I don’t really agree with that.”

Expect Brown to respond on social media in 3, 2, 1. . . .

Trump thanks conspiracy theorist for defending his comments about Jewish Democrats – CNN

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How to opt out of arbitration for the new Apple Card (and why you’d want to) – CNBC

Apple CEO Tim Cook delivers the keynote address during the 2019 Apple Worldwide Developer Conference (WWDC) at the San Jose Convention Center on June 03, 2019 in San Jose, California.

Justin Sullivan | Getty Images

Buried in the fine print for the new Apple credit card is what’s called an “arbitration provision.”

What that means is that in the event of a dispute with Apple or Goldman Sachs, the bank that actually manages the card and handles the financing, you might have forfeited your right to sue either company. Instead, Goldman Sachs or Apple can choose to resolve the problem through an arbitration process, in which a theoretically neutral judge outside of the court system decides.

“You hereby knowingly and voluntarily WAIVE THE RIGHT TO BE HEARD IN COURT OR HAVE A JURY TRIAL on all Claims subject to this Agreement,” according to the Apple Card customer agreement posted on the Goldman Sachs website. (The capital letters are from the contract.)

The arbitration clause is active by default when a consumer applies for and is approved for an Apple Card.

However, consumers can “opt-out” by contacting Goldman Sachs in the first 90 days. And it’s relatively easy compared with other cards.

An easy-to-use chat interface lets you opt out by sending text messages from your iPhone. (There are also ways to opt-out by sending a letter or calling a phone number.)

To use it, open up the Wallet app on your iPhone and tap on your Apple Card, which brings you to the main Apple Card interface. In the top right hand corner, tap the three dot menu, and on the next screen, press “Message,” which should be under your name.

It should bring you to an automated text message chain labeled “Apple.” Ask to opt out, and you should be done.

Opting out of arbitration on your Apple Card should be a quick and easy process.

Kif Leswing/CNBC

Common in agreements

You might have seen a wave of new Apple Card holders on social media explaining the importance of opting out of arbitration, as if it were something new or tricky with the card:

In fact, arbitration clauses are common in credit card agreements, CreditCards.com analyst Ted Rossman told CNBC.

“Mandatory arbitration is very common among credit card issuers,” Rossman said. “23 of the 29 large credit card issuers we surveyed used mandatory arbitration.”

It’s generally possible to opt out of them, but most people don’t bother because it requires extra work, or they simply aren’t aware of the clause and what it means, according to a 2015 study by the Consumer Finance Protection Bureau.

But just because they’re common doesn’t mean they’re harmless.

“It’s very anti-consumer, it’s a way of cheating over consumers,” Paul Bland, executive director of Public Justice, a consumer protection advocate, told CNBC.

Arbitration is mainly used to kill class-action lawsuits where many customers band together to sue over what are often small, systemic mistakes, Bland said.

“I do think that arbitration is less fair than going to court. Bottom line: 99.9% of cases just disappear if you can’t join together as a group,” Bland said. “What Apple is doing is they’re sort of giving themselves a ‘get out of jail free’ card if they cheat a whole lot of people out of a moderate to small sum of money.”

Rossman disagrees. He says arbitration isn’t a huge concern for most credit card consumers, and he recommends most people try traditional customer service means to resolve issues. For people who need legal relief, small claims court is not covered by the arbitration agreement and may be the best course of action, he added.

Goldman defended its arbitration practice in a statement to CNBC. “We believe that we have pro-consumer arbitration provisions for our consumers, which balance our simple and transparent product characteristics with the increased efficiency, cost-savings, flexibility and privacy afforded by arbitration.”

Apple declined to comment.

WATCH: Mastercard president on new Apple Card partnership.

Amazon fires: President Jair Bolsonaro suggests NGOs to blame – BBC News

Brazil’s president, Jair Bolsonaro says non-governmental organisations may be setting fires in the Amazon to embarrass the Brazilian government after it cut their funding, despite offering no evidence to support the claim.

A record number of fires were recorded in the Amazon this year, according to The National Institute for Space Research (Inpe).

But conservationists have blamed Mr Bolsonaro for the Amazon’s plight, saying he has encouraged loggers and farmers to clear the land.

Marcio Astrini from Greenpeace said that the increased deforestation and burning are a “result of his [President Bolsonaro] anti-environmental policy.”

Instagram’s Chain-Letter Uprising – The New York Times

On Facebook, bad information often rises from obscurity. The spread of a single viral message on Instagram appears to be more of a top-down process, finding audiences in the manner of a product or trend promoted by influencers. On Facebook, the viral machinery is visible, intended to show you not just how many people have shared something, but where it came from and what people think about it. On Instagram, there is no one-tap way to repost content, so a repost takes a bit of work — screenshot, manual credit, re-caption — and is therefore understood as an endorsement, not unlike a choice to wear a piece of clothing or drink a particular drink.

This sort of false information — low-stakes and extremely popular — deserves debunking wherever it appears. But revisiting the “copypasta” panics of the past, and the confident, defiant corrections they inspired, makes for strange reading. Consider the 2009 Facebook post about sharing data with Google. This did not happen. Facebook did, however, remake its service as an “application platform,” providing a simple way for third parties to build apps within Facebook, and for users to provide profile information to those apps, instantly. That went badly. The platform also introduced its own search engine, Graph Search, which allowed users to search profiles and posts that had been made public by their creators — content that, while technically available already, was suddenly much easier to find. Facebook was not about to start charging users in 2009, as a copy-paste meme suggested. In 2018, however, Sheryl Sandberg entertained the possibility on TV, and Mark Zuckerberg alluded to it in a Senate hearing.

The Instagram panic of 2019 earned a swift denial from the company — “There’s no truth to this post,” a spokesperson told reporters — and dozens of confident debunking stories. These, too, can make for strange reading. “How did this ridiculous Instagram privacy hoax from 2012 fool so many stars?” asks a headline on Mashable. It’s a fair question, answered not just by the article, but by a related video promoted right below it: “WATCH: Instagram users’ location data, stories were tracked by marketing company.” Or by the stories in the site’s various sidebars and content modules that surround the story: “Facebook’s ‘clear history’ tool doesn’t actually ‘clear’ anything,” or “Instagram can’t stop flood of grisly photos from teen’s murder so users step up,” or, published five days ago, “Instagram will let users report ‘false information.’”

It is fair but maybe not adequate to call posts like these “hoaxes,” or to prosecute them as a form of mis- or disinformation. The jokester never comes forward. If they’re spam, they’re missing a spammer to cash in. What are they? Are they a bit like chants, or spells, meant to ward off the spirit of Zuck? Rearranged, the lines sound like bad but earnest poetry:

Everything you’ve ever posted

becomes public from today

Don’t forget tomorrow starts

The new Instagram rule

In this spirit, the part of the post that first reads as most ridiculous could be the one worth taking seriously. The text suggests that all of the things that Instagram will allegedly do to you “tomorrow” can be stopped by pasting a chunk of text, citing some laws and telling the company what’s what. “With this statement, I give notice.”

Where might we have heard this tone and language before? From Instagram itself, in, for example, the arbitration notice at the top of its terms of use, posted in bold and all caps: “YOU AGREE THAT DISPUTES BETWEEN YOU AND US WILL BE RESOLVED BY BINDING, INDIVIDUAL ARBITRATION.”

Or a bit further down the page: “We do not claim ownership of your content, but you grant us a license to use it.”

D-St Buzz: Over 350 stocks hit 52-week low on BSE; Tata Motors tanks 10%, VIX jumps – Moneycontrol

The Indian benchmark indices have slipped into the red with Sensex down 218 points at 37,109 mark while the Nifty is down 78 points and is trading at 10,938 level.

Nifty PSU Bank is the underperforming sector, down over 3 percent dragged by Bank of Baroda, IDBI Bank, Indian Bank, Union Bank of India, OBC, Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India and Syndicate Bank.

The realty index is down over 2 percent dragged by Indiabulls Real Estate, DLF, Sobha and Sunteck Realty.

Metal stocks continues to remain under pressure. The top losers are JSPL, JSW Steel, SAIL< NMDC, Tata Steel and Vedanta.

From the banking space, the top losers are YES Bank, RBL Bank, IDFC First Bank, ICICI Bank, Federal Bank and Axis Bank.

India VIX jumped 3.07 percent and is trading at 17.14.

The top Nifty50 gainers include Hero MotoCorp, Eicher Motors, Infosys, Bajaj Auto and Tech Mahindra while the top losers are Tata Motors, YES Bank, Indiabulls Housing Finance, Tata Steel and Grasim Industries.

The most active stocks are YES Bank, Maruti Suzuki, Indiabulls Housing, State Bank of India and Tata Motors.

381 stocks have hit 52-week low on BSE including Tata Motors, SAIL, YES Bank, Allahabad Bank, Raymond, Andhra Bank, BHEL, MRPL, Edelweiss Financial, Wockhardt, Cummins India, NCC, ITC, Britannia Industries and ONGC among others.

424 stocks advanced and 1325 declined while 363 remained unchanged on the NSE. On the BSE, 635 stocks advanced, 1704 declined and 149 remained unchanged.
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